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Deforestation refers to the cutting, clearing, and removal of rainforest or related ecosystems into less bio-diverse ecosystems such as pasture, cropland, or plantations (Kricher, 1997).
Logging (cutting down trees), mining, oil and gas extraction, cattle ranching, the planting of cash crops and other human activities that lead to the cutting of trees are causes of deforestation.
Do you know? The area of two football fields (1 hectare) of rainforest is being destroyed every second. That’s an area larger than New York City (86 thousand hectares) every day!
Reference: Cambridge Dictionaries Online (Learners')