Fair Trade Helps the Poor

The idea is to give more money to producers by reducing distribution costs.
選擇語言:中文English
  • 1Fair trade aims to establish equitable conditions of trade and commerce...
  • 2...between countries in the north and the south.
  • 3The concept appeared after the Second World War,...
  • 4...and received its first certification in 1988 in Mexico.
  • 5A cooperative of small coffee producers of the state of Oaxaca...
  • 6...partnered with the Dutch NGO to create the Max Havelaar label,...
  • 7...named after a hero of a Dutch novel.
  • 8The principle was simple:
  • 9The NGO buys the coffee at a fixed price...
  • 10...and the farmers, unaffected by the fluctuations of the market,...
  • 11...can then live off their work.
  • 12A part of the money is then used to finance schools and health centers.
  • 13By eliminating middlemen, distribution costs are also reduced.
  • 14The idea is also to supply good quality products while respecting the environment.
  • 15To begin with, fair trade only dealt with a few products:...
  • 16...coffee, bananas, tea and sugar.
  • 17Today, there are fair trade clothes, sneakers and even a smartphone:
  • 18in total, more than 30,000 products.
  • 19Various businesses have also become interested in the idea of fair trade.
  • 20In 2012, the sales of fair trade products were worth 4.8 billion euros...
  • 21...with 1.3 million producers and workers benefiting in 70 countries.
  • 22But the practice also attracts criticism:...
  • 23...the lack of transparency of labels which keep multiplying,...
  • 24...high prices or distributors who increase their margins on products that are in demand